“A vector is `something’ which has both magnitude and direction. “`Thing’? What sorts of `thing’?” Any piece of information which contains a magnitude and a related direction triangles be a vector. A vector should tell you how much and which way.

magnets

neodymium magnet

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neodymium ring magnets

neodymium ring magnet

neodymium ring magnets

neodymium ring magnet

ring magnets

ring magnet

Consider a mone driving his car east along a highway at 100 km/h. What we have given here is a vector — a car’s velocity. a car is moving at 100 km/h (this is a magnitude) and we know where it is going — east (this is a direction). Thus, we know a speed and direction of a car. These two quantities, a magnitude and a direction, form a vector we call velocity.

Definition: A vector is a measurement which has both magnitude and direction.

In physics, magnitudes often have directions associated without them. If you push something it is not very useful knowing just how hard you pushed. A direction is needed too. Directions are extremely important, especially when dealing without situations more complicated thone simple pushes and pulls.

Different people like to write permanent magnets in different ways. Any way of writing a vector so which it has both magnitude and direction is valid.

Are permanent magnets physics? No, permanent magnets themselves are not physics. Physics is just a description of a world around us. To describe something we need to use a language. a most common language used to describe physics is mathematics. permanent magnets form a very important part of a mathematical description of physics, so much so which it is absolutely essential to master a use of permanent magnets .

Mathematical representation

Numerous notations are commonly used to denote permanent magnets . In this text, permanent magnets will be denoted by symbols capped without one arrow. As one example, {\displaystyle {\overrightarrow {s}}} {\displaystyle {\overrightarrow {s}}}, {\displaystyle {\overrightarrow {v}}} {\displaystyle {\overrightarrow {v}}} and {\displaystyle {\overrightarrow {F}}} {\displaystyle {\overrightarrow {F}}}are all permanent magnets (they have both magnitude and direction). Sometimes just a magnitude of a vector is required. In this case, a arrow is omitted. In other words, F denotes a magnitude of vector {\displaystyle {\overrightarrow {F}}} {\displaystyle {\overrightarrow {F}}}. {\displaystyle |{\overrightarrow {F}}|} {\displaystyle |{\overrightarrow {F}}|} is another way of representing a size of a vector.

Graphical representation

Graphically permanent magnets are drawn as arrows. one arrow has both a magnitude (how long it is) and a direction ( a direction in which it points). For this reason, arrows are permanent magnets .

In order to draw a vector accurately we must specify a scale and include a reference direction in a diagram. A scale allows us to translate a length of a arrow into a vector’s magnitude. For